Tuesday, November 25, 2008


i never expect this would be happening to me...i've got two healthy kids,two wonderful pregnancy time.but who would expect the third pregnancy would be ended with miscarriage.my happiness of finding that the third baby is coming in ended on 25th november 2008 at the age of 7 weeks.so...for those who face the same fate as me....this article from http://www.babycenter.com/might be helpful to cope with.

What is a miscarriage?

Miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy in the first 20 weeks. About 15 to 20 percent of known pregnancies end in miscarriage, and more than 80 percent of these losses happen before 12 weeks.

This doesn't include situations in which you lose a fertilized egg before you get a positive pregnancy test. Studies have found that 30 to 50 percent of fertilized eggs are lost before a woman finds out she's pregnant, because they're lost so early that she goes on to get her period about on time -- in other words the woman doesn't realize she was pregnant at all.

If you lose a baby after 20 weeks of pregnancy, it's called a stillbirth.

What causes a miscarriage?

Between 50 and 70 percent of first trimester miscarriages are thought to be random events caused by chromosomal abnormalities in the fertilized egg. Most often, this means that the egg or sperm had the wrong number of chromosomes, and as a result, the fertilized egg can't develop normally.

In other cases, a miscarriage is caused by problems that occur during the delicate process of early development — for example, when an egg doesn't implant properly in the uterus or an embryo has structural defects that don't allow it to continue developing. Since most healthcare practitioners won't do a full-scale workup after a single miscarriage, it's usually impossible to tell why the pregnancy was lost. And even when a detailed evaluation is performed — say after you've had two or three consecutive miscarriages — the cause still remains unknown in about half of cases.

When the fertilized egg has chromosomal problems, you may end up with what's sometimes called a blighted ovum (now usually referred to in medical circles as an early pregnancy failure). In this case, the fertilized egg implants in the uterus and the placenta and gestational sac begin to develop, but the resulting embryo either stops developing very early or doesn't form at all.

Because the placenta begins to secrete hormones, you'll get a positive pregnancy test and may have early pregnancy symptoms, but an ultrasound will show an empty gestational sac. In other cases, the embryo does develop for a little while but has abnormalities that make survival impossible, and development stops before the heart starts beating.

Once your baby has a heartbeat — usually visible on ultrasound at around 6 weeks — your odds of having a miscarriage drop significantly.

What kinds of things might put me at a higher risk for miscarriage?

Though any woman can miscarry, some are more likely to miscarry than others. Here are the most common risk factors:

Age: Older women are more likely to conceive babies with chromosomal abnormalities, and to miscarry them as a result. In fact, 40-year-olds are about twice as likely to miscarry as 20-year-olds.

A history of miscarriages: Women who have had two or more miscarriages in a row are more likely than other women to miscarry again.

Certain chronic diseases or disorders: Poorly controlled diabetes, certain inherited blood clotting disorders, certain autoimmune disorders (such as antiphosphilipid syndrome or lupus), and certain hormonal disorders (such as polycystic ovary syndrome).

Uterine or cervical problems: Having certain uterine abnormalities or a weak or abnormally short cervix (known as cervical insufficiency).

A history of birth defects or genetic problems: Having had a child with a birth defect, or a family history (or a partner with a family history) of genetic problems.

Certain infections: Research has shown a somewhat higher risk for miscarriage if you have listeria, mumps, rubella, measles, cytomegalovirus, parvovirus, gonorrhea, HIV, and certain other infections.

Smoking, drinking, and using drugs: Smoking a lot, drinking too much alcohol, and using drugs like cocaine and ecstasy during pregnancy can all increase your risk for miscarriage. And some studies show an association between drinking four or more cups of coffee a day and a higher risk of miscarriage.

Taking certain medications: Some medications have been linked to increased risk of miscarriage, so it's important to ask your caregiver about the safety of any medications you're taking even while you're trying to conceive. This goes for prescription and over-the-counter drugs, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen and aspirin.

Exposure to environmental toxins: Environmental factors that might increase your risk include lead; arsenic; some chemicals, like formaldehyde, benzene, and ethylene oxide; and large doses of radiation or anesthetic gases.

Paternal factors: Little is known about how the father's condition may contribute to a couple's risk for miscarriage, though the risk increases with the father's age. Researchers are studying the extent to which sperm could be damaged by environmental toxins but still manage to fertilize an egg. Some studies have found a greater risk of miscarriage when the father has been exposed to mercury, lead, and some industrial chemicals and pesticides.

Your risk of miscarriage also rises with each child you bear and if you get pregnant within three months after giving birth.

What are the signs that I might be having a miscarriage?

Vaginal spotting or bleeding is usually the first sign of miscarriage. Keep in mind, though, that up to 1 in 4 pregnant women have some bleeding or spotting (finding spots of blood on your underpants or toilet tissue) in early pregnancy, and half of these pregnancies don't end in miscarriage.

You may also have abdominal pain, which usually begins after you first have some bleeding. It may feel crampy or persistent, mild or sharp, or may feel more like low back pain or pelvic pressure. If you have both bleeding and pain, the chances of your pregnancy continuing are much lower.

It's very important to be aware that vaginal bleeding, spotting, or pain in early pregnancy can also signal an ectopic or a molar pregnancy. If you have any of these symptoms, call your doctor or midwife right away so she can determine whether you have a potential problem that needs to be dealt with immediately. Also, if your blood is Rh-negative, you may need a shot of Rh immune globulin within two or three days after you first notice bleeding, unless the baby's father is Rh-negative as well.

Some miscarriages are first suspected during a routine prenatal visit, when the doctor or midwife can't hear the baby's heartbeat or notices that your uterus isn't growing as it should be. (Often the embryo or fetus stops developing a few weeks before you have symptoms, like bleeding or cramping.) If your practitioner suspects that you've had a miscarriage, she'll order an ultrasound to see what's going on in your uterus and possibly do a blood test.

What should I do if I suspect I'm about to miscarry?

Call your doctor or midwife immediately if you ever notice unusual symptoms such as bleeding or cramping during pregnancy. Your practitioner will examine you to see if the bleeding is coming from your cervix and check your uterus. She may also do a blood test to check for the pregnancy hormone hCG and repeat it in two to three days to see if your levels are rising as they should be.

If you're having bleeding or cramping and your practitioner has even the slightest suspicion that you have an ectopic pregnancy, you'll have an ultrasound right away. If there's no sign of a problem but you continue to spot, you'll have another ultrasound at about 7 weeks.

At this point, if the sonographer sees an embryo with a heartbeat, you have a viable pregnancy and your risk of miscarrying is now much lower, but you'll need to have another ultrasound later if you continue to bleed. If the sonographer sees an embryo of a certain size but no heartbeat, that means the embryo didn't survive.

If the sac or the embryo is smaller than expected, though, it might just be that your dates are off and you're not as far along as you thought. Depending on the circumstances, you may need a repeat ultrasound within one to two weeks and some blood tests before your caregiver can make a final diagnosis.

If you're in your second trimester and an ultrasound shows your cervix is shortening or opening, your doctor may decide to perform a procedure called a cerclage, in which she stitches your cervix closed in an attempt to prevent miscarriage or premature delivery. (This is assuming your baby appears normal on the ultrasound and you have no signs of an intrauterine infection.) Cerclage isn't without risk, and not everyone agrees on what might make you a good candidate for it.

If you're showing signs of a possible miscarriage, your doctor or midwife may prescribe bedrest in hopes of reducing your chances of miscarrying — but there's no evidence that bedrest will help. She may also suggest you not have sex while you're having bleeding or cramping. Sex doesn't cause miscarriage, but it's a good idea to abstain if you're having these symptoms.

You may have light bleeding and cramping for a few weeks. You can wear sanitary pads but no tampons during this time and take acetaminophen for the pain. If you are miscarrying, the bleeding and cramping will likely get worse shortly before you pass the "products of conception" — that is, the placenta and the embryonic or fetal tissue, which will look grayish and may include blood clots.

If you can, save this tissue in a clean container because your caregiver may want to examine it or send it to a lab for testing to try to find out why you miscarried. In any case, she'll want to see you again at this point, so call her to let her know what's happened.

What should I do if my practitioner tells me I've lost the pregnancy but I still haven't passed the tissue?

There are different ways of handling this, and it's a good idea to discuss the pros and cons of each with your caregiver. If there's no threat to your health, you may choose to let the miscarriage happen on its own timeline. (More than half of women spontaneously miscarry within a week of finding out that the pregnancy is no longer viable.) Or you may decide to wait a certain amount of time to see if it happens before having a procedure to remove the tissue.

In some cases, you can use medication to speed up the miscarriage process, although there may be side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. If you choose to wait or take medication to try to speed up the process, there's a chance you'll end up needing to have the tissue surgically removed anyway.

On the other hand, if you find that it's too emotionally trying or physically painful to wait for it to pass, you may decide to just have the tissue removed. This is done by suction curettage or dilation and curettage (D&C). You'll definitely need to have the tissue removed right away if you have any problems, such as significant bleeding or signs of infection, that make it unsafe to wait for a miscarriage. And your practitioner may recommend the procedure if this is your second or third miscarriage in a row, so that they can test the tissue for a genetic cause.

What is the curettage procedure like?

The procedure doesn't usually require an overnight stay unless you have complications. As with any surgery, you'll need to arrive with an empty stomach — no food or drink since the night before.

Most obstetricians prefer to use suction curettage (or vacuum aspiration), because it's thought to be slightly quicker and safer than a traditional D&C, though some will use a combination of the two procedures. For either procedure, the doctor will insert a speculum into your vagina, clean your cervix and vagina with an antiseptic solution, and dilate your cervix with narrow metal rods (unless your cervix is already dilated from having passed some tissue). In most cases, you'll be given sedation through an IV and a local anesthetic to numb your cervix.

For a suction curettage, the doctor will pass a hollow plastic tube through your cervix and suction out the tissue from your uterus. For a traditional D&C, she uses a spoon-shaped instrument called a curette to gently scrape the tissue from the walls of your uterus. The whole thing may take about 15 to 20 minutes, though the tissue removal itself takes less than ten minutes. Finally, if your blood is Rh-negative, you'll need a shot of Rh immune globulin unless the baby's father is Rh-negative, too

What happens after a miscarriage?

Whether you miscarry on your own or have the tissue removed, you'll have mild menstrual-like cramps afterward for up to a day or so and light bleeding for a week or two. Use pads instead of tampons and take ibuprofen or acetaminophen for the cramps. Avoid sex, swimming, douching, and using vaginal medications for at least a week or two and until your bleeding stops.

If you begin to bleed heavily (soaking a sanitary pad in an hour), have any signs of infection (such as fever, achiness, or foul-smelling vaginal discharge), or feel excessive pain, call your practitioner immediately or go to the emergency room. If your bleeding is heavy and you begin to feel weak, dizzy, or lightheaded, you may be going into shock. In this case, call 911 right away — don't wait to hear from your caregiver, and don't drive yourself to the ER.

Does having one miscarriage mean I'm likely to miscarry again?

No. Although you're likely to be worried about the possibility of another miscarriage, fertility experts don't consider a single early pregnancy loss to be a sign that there's anything wrong with you or your partner.

Some practitioners will order special blood and genetic tests to try to find out what's going wrong after two miscarriages in a row, particularly if you're 35 or older or have certain medical conditions. Others will wait until you've had three consecutive losses. In certain situations, such as if you had a second trimester miscarriage or an early third trimester premature birth from a weakened cervix, you might be referred to a high-risk specialist after a single loss so she can carefully manage your pregnancy.

When can I try to conceive again?

You may have to wait a bit. Whether you miscarry spontaneously or have the tissue removed, you'll generally get your period again in four to six weeks.

Some practitioners say you can start trying to conceive again after this period, but others recommend that you wait until you've been through another menstrual cycle so that you have more time to recover physically and emotionally. (You'll need to use birth control to prevent conception during this time, because you may ovulate as early as two weeks after you miscarry.)

I can't seem to get over having miscarried. How can I cope?

Though you may be ready physically to get pregnant again, you may not feel ready emotionally. Every woman copes with the grief of early pregnancy loss in her own way.

Some cope best by turning their attention toward trying for a new pregnancy as soon as possible. Others find that months or more go by before they're interested in trying to conceive again. Take time to examine your feelings, and do what feels right for you and your partner. Ask your caregiver where to get counseling or find support groups, if you think that would be helpful.

Friday, September 12, 2008

Pink eye (conjunctivitis)


Pink eye (conjunctivitis) is an inflammation or infection of the transparent membrane (conjunctiva) that lines your eyelid and part of your eyeball. Inflammation causes small blood vessels in the conjunctiva to become more prominent, which is what causes the pink or red cast to the whites of your eyes.

The cause of pink eye is commonly a bacterial or viral infection, an allergic reaction or — in newborns — an incompletely opened tear duct.

Though the inflammation of pink eye makes it an irritating condition, it rarely affects your sight. If you suspect pink eye, you can take steps to ease your discomfort. But because pink eye can be contagious, early diagnosis and treatment is best to help limit its spread.


The most common pink eye symptoms include:
  • Redness in one or both eyes
  • Itchiness in one or both eyes
  • A gritty feeling in one or both eyes
  • A discharge in one or both eyes that forms a crust during the night
  • Tearing


Causes of pink eye include:

  • Viruses
  • Bacteria
  • Allergies
  • A chemical splash in the eye
  • A foreign object in the eye

Viral and bacterial conjunctivitis
Viral conjunctivitis and bacterial conjunctivitis may affect one or both eyes. Viral conjunctivitis usually produces a watery or mucous discharge. Bacterial conjunctivitis often produces a thicker, yellow-green discharge and may be associated with a respiratory infection or with a sore throat. Both viral and bacterial conjunctivitis can be associated with colds.

Both viral and bacterial types are very contagious. Adults and children alike can develop both of these types of pink eye. However, bacterial conjunctivitis is more common in children than it is in adults.

Allergic conjunctivitis
Allergic conjunctivitis affects both eyes and is a response to an allergy-causing substance such as pollen. In response to allergens, your body produces an antibody called immunoglobulin E (IgE). This antibody triggers special cells called mast cells in the mucous lining of your eyes and airways to release inflammatory substances, including histamines. Your body's release of histamine can produce a number of allergy signs and symptoms, including red or pink eyes.

If you have allergic conjunctivitis, you may experience intense itching, tearing and inflammation of the eyes — as well as itching, sneezing and watery nasal discharge. You may also experience swelling of the membrane (conjunctiva) that lines your eyelids and part of your eyeballs, resulting in what may look like clear blisters on the whites of your eyes.

Conjunctivitis resulting from irritation
Irritation from a chemical splash or foreign object in your eye is also associated with conjunctivitis. Sometimes, flushing and cleaning the eye to rid it of the chemical or object causes redness and irritation. Signs and symptoms, which may include a mucous discharge instead of pus, usually clear up on their own within about a day.

Risk factors

Risk factors for pink eye include:

  • Exposure to an allergen for allergic conjunctivitis
  • Exposure to someone infected with the viral or bacterial form of conjunctivitis

Both viral and bacterial conjunctivitis are common among children and are very contagious. Someone with conjunctivitis may be contagious for seven to 14 days after signs and symptoms first appear.

People who wear contact lenses, especially extended-wear lenses, may be more prone to conjunctivitis.

Treatments and drugs

Bacterial conjunctivitis
If your infection is bacterial, your doctor may prescribe antibiotic eyedrops as pink eye treatment, and the infection should clear within several days. Antibiotic eye ointment, in place of eyedrops, is sometimes prescribed for treating bacterial pink eye in children. An ointment is often easier to administer to an infant or young child than are eyedrops, though they may blur vision for up to 20 minutes after application. With either form of medication, you should notice a marked improvement in signs and symptoms within one to two days. Be sure to use the medication for the entire time your doctor prescribes it, to prevent recurrence of the infection.

Viral conjunctivitis
Viral conjunctivitis doesn't respond to treatment with antibiotic eyedrops or ointment. Like with a common cold, you can use an over-the-counter remedy to relieve some symptoms, but the virus just has to run its course. You may notice a worsening of symptoms in the first three to five days. After that, your signs and symptoms should gradually clear on their own. It may take up to two to three weeks from the time you were infected for the virus to go away.

Allergic conjunctivitis
If the irritation is allergic conjunctivitis, your doctor may prescribe one of many different types of eyedrops. These may include antihistamines, decongestants, mast cell stabilizers, steroids and anti-inflammatory drops


Practicing good hygiene is the best way to control the spread of pink eye. Once the infection has been diagnosed, follow these steps:

  • Don't touch your eyes with your hands.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly and frequently.
  • Change your towel and washcloth daily, and don't share them with others.
  • Change your pillowcase often.
  • Discard eye cosmetics, particularly mascara.
  • Don't use anyone else's eye cosmetics or personal eye-care items.
  • Follow your eye doctor's instructions on proper contact lens care.

If your child is infected, avoid close contact with other children. Many schools send children with conjunctivitis home, and will likely ask that your child receive at least one full day of treatment before returning.

p/s: why do i put this article?coz i'm having pink eye on both of my sight now.........

Saturday, August 2, 2008

dipetik dari http://www.geocities.com/CollegePark/Classroom/7362/1syaban.html

Sebahagian ahli hikmah menyatakan bahawa sesungguhnya bulan Rejab adalah kesempatan untuk meminta ampun dari segala dosa, pada bulan Syaaban adalah kesempatan untuk memperbaiki diri dari segala macam cela dan pada bulan Ramadhan adalah masa untuk menerangkan hati dan jiwa.

Syaaban ertinya berpecah atau bercerai-berai. Dinamakan demikian kerana orang-orang Arab pada bulan tersebut bertempiaran ke mana-mana tempat untuk mencari air, setengahnya mengatakan bahawa mereka mencari air itu di gua-gua.

Sebahagiannya pula mengatakan sebab diertikan demikian kerana ia sebagai pemisah iaitu memisahkan di antara bulan Rejab dan Ramadhan.

Menurut Yahya bin Mu'adz pula : Sesungguhnya perkataan Syaaban itu terbentuk dari lima huruf, yang mana setiap huruf merupakan singkatan kurnia kepada orang-orang yang beriman.Dari berbagai keterangan mengenai pengertian bulan Syaaban itu tadi dapatlah disimpulkan bahawa pada bulan ini adalah masa untuk manusia berebut-rebut mengejar kebajikan sebanyak mungkin sebagai latihan dan persediaan untuk memasuki bulan Ramadhan.

Rasulullah SAW bersabda yang maksudnya : "Tahukah kamu sekalian, mengapa dinamakan bulan Syaaban?" Mereka menjawab : "Allah dan Rasul-Nya lebih mengetahui". Baginda bersabda : "Kerana di dalam bulan itu berkembanglah kebaikan yang banyak sekali." (Dipetik dari kitab Raudatul Ulama).

Diriwayatkan oleh Imam Bukhari dan Muslim daripada Sayidatina Aisyah Radhiallahuanha, dia telah berkata yang maksudnya :

"Adalah Rasulullah SAW sering berpuasa hingga kami menyangka bahawa Baginda berpuasa berterusan dan Baginda sering berbuka sehingga kami menyangka bahawa Rasulullah akan berbuka seterusnya. Aku tidak pernah melihat Baginda berpuasas ebulan penuh kecuali pada bulan Ramadhan dan aku tidak pernah melihat Baginda berpuasa sunat dalam sebulan yang lebih banyak dari puasanya di bulan Syaaban." (Hadis riwayat Bukhari dan Muslim).

Dari hadis di atas dapatlah difahami bahawa ini menunjukkan kelebihan bulan Syaaban dari bulan-bulan yang lain dari segi pemilihan bulan untuk beramal ibadat selain dari bulan Ramadhan.

Selain dari itu, Rasulullah SAW pernah mengumpamakan keutamaan bulan ini dengan keutamaan diri Baginda sendiri ke atas nabi-nabi yang lain. Sabda Baginda yang maksudnya :

"Keutamaan bulan Syaaban ke atas bulan-bulan yang lain adalah seperti keutamaan saya di atas semua nabi-nabi yang lain, sedangkan keutamaan bulan Ramadhan ke atas semua bulan yang lain adalah seperti keutamaan Allah Taala ke atas makhluk-Nya."

Amalan-amalan di bulan Syaaban

Di antara amalan-amalan yang digalakkan pada bulan Syaaban adalah :

1. Memperbanyakkan puasa sunat

Sebagaimana yang telah dijelaskan terdahulu bahawa RAsulullah SAW lebih gemar untuk berpuasa sunat dalam bulan Syaaban berbanding dengan bulan-bulan yang lain. Justeru itu adalah patut bagi kita selaku umat Baginda mencontohinya dalam memperbanyakkan puasa sunat bagi menyemarak dan mengagungkan bulan Syaaban ini.

Di dalam kitab Durratun Nasihin ada menyebut sebuah hadis yang menyatakan bahawa Rasulullah SAW bersabda yang maksudnya :

"Barangsiapa berpuasa tiga hari pada permulaan Syaaban dan tiga hari pada pertengahan Syaaban dan tiga hari pada akhir Syaaban, maka Allah Taala mencatat untuknya pahala seperti pahala tujuh puluh nabi dan seperti orang-orang yang beribadat kepada Allah Taala selama tujuh puluh tahun dan apabila dia mati pada tahun itu maka dia seperti orang yang mati syahid."

2. Memperbanyak doa, zikir dan membaca selawat kepada Rasulullah SAW.

Sabda Rasulullah SAW : "Barangsiapa yang mengagunkan bulan Syaaban, bertaqwa kepada Allah, taat kepada-Nya serta menahan diri dari perbuatan maksiat, maka Allah Taala mengampuni semua dosanya dan menyelamatkannya di dalam tahun itu dari segala macam bencana dan penyakit." (Dipetik dari kitab Zubdatul Wa'izhin)

3. Bertaubat

Diriwayatkan dari Umamah Al Bahili Radiallahuanhu, dia berkata : Rasulullah SAW bersabda yang maksudnya : "Manakala masuk bulan Syaaban, sukacitalah dirimu dan perbaiki niatmu."

Sebahagian ahli hikmah menyatakan bahawa sesungguhnya bulan Rejab adalah kesempatan untuk meminta ampun dari segala dosa, pada bulan Syaaban adalah kesempatan untuk memperbaiki diri dari segala macam cela dan pada bulan Ramadhan adalah masa untuk menerangkan hati dan jiwa.

Malam Nisfu Syaaban

Malam 15 Syaaban atau lebih dikenali sebagai malam Nisfu Syaaban adalah satu malam yang sunat dirayakan dalam syariat Islam kerana ia merupakan malam yang paling mustajab dan penuh rahmat.

Malam nisfu Syaaban ini sayugialah kita hidupkan dengan membaca Surah Yaasiin tiga kali selepas sembahyan fardhu Maghrib. Dan setiap kali lepas membaca Yaasiin akan dibaca doa. Pada bacaan Yaasiin pertama diniatkan dengan memohon panjang umur, pada bacaan kali kedua diniatkan dengan memohon agar dijauhkan dari bala dan pada bacaan ketiga diniatkan memohon murah rezeki yang halal. Cara lain ialah menghidupkan malam nisfu Syaaban dengan berhimpun membaca zikir dan Al Quran.

Doa Malam Nisfu Syaaban.

Ertinya : Allahumma Ya Allah Ya Tuhan yang empunya kurniaan, dan tiada siapa mengurniakan kepada-Nya, ya Tuhan yang empunya kemuliaan dan kebesaran, ya Tuhan yang empunya kurniaan, tiada Tuhan yang disembah dengan sebenar-benarnya dalam wujud ini melainkan Tuhan hamba sahaja, tempat sandaran hamba-hamba Tuhan yang memohon perlindungan, dan tempat perlindungan hamba-hamba Tuhan, yang mohon keselamatan, dan tempat keselamatan hamba-hamba Tuhan yang di dalam ketakutan. Kiranya Tuhan hamba telah ada menulis akan hamba di sisi Tuhan hamba dalam Loh Mahfudz, akan seorang yang celaka, maka hamba mohon akan hapuskan daripada hamba nama kecelakaan itu, dan mohon tetapkan hamba di sisi Tuhan hamba akan seorang yang berbahagia. Dan kiranya Tuhan hamba telah ada menulis akan hamba di sisi Tuhan hamba dalam Loh Mahfudz akan seorang yang ditegah dari kebajikan, dan seorang yang disempitkan rezeki hamba, maka hamba mohon hapuskan tegahan itu daripada hamba, dan mudahkan rezeki hamba, dan hamba mohon tetapkan hamba di sisi Tuhan hamba, akan seorang yang berbahagia dan seorang yang ditaufikkan dengan kebajikan kerana bahawasanya Tuhan hamba telah berfirman dalam kitab yang telah Tuhan hamba turunkan (Al Quran) maksudnya : "Allah Taala menghapuskan apa yang Dia hendak hapuskan, dan Dia tetapkan apa yang Dia hendak tetapkan dalam suatu kitab dan di sisinya Loh Mahfudz."

Tuesday, July 1, 2008

Kelebihan Rejab...

Artikel dipetik dari laman http://www.ashtech.com.my/bulanislam/Rejab.html

Sabda Nabi s.a.w.:

"Hendaklah kamu memuliakan bulan Rejab,nescaya Allah muliakan kamu dengan seribu kemuliaan di hari kiamat."

Sabda Nabi s.a.w.:
"Bulan Rejab Bulan Allah, Bulan Sya'aban bulanku & bulan Ramadhan bulan umatku. "

Kemuliaan Rejab dengan malam ISRAK MIKRAJnya, Sya'aban dengan malam NISFUnya Ramadhan dengan LAILATUL-QADARnya.

Malam awal Rejab mustajab do'anya.(Dalam Kitab Raudhoh Iman Nawawi)

* Puasa 1 hari pada bulan Rejab mendapat syurga tertinggi (Firdaus).
* Puasa 2 hari dilipatgandakan pahalanya.
* Puasa 3 hari pada bulan Rejab dijadikan parit yang panjang, yang menghalangkan dia keneraka (panjangnya setahun perjalanan).
* Puasa 4 hari pada bulan Rejab diafiatkan daripada bala dan daripada penyakit yang besar-besar dan daripada fitnah Dajal di hari kiamat.
* Puasa 5 hari pada bulan Rejab, aman daripada azab kubur.
* Puasa 6 hari pada bulan Rejab, keluar kubur bercahaya muka.
* Puasa 7 hari pada bulan Rejab, ditutup daripada tujuh pintu neraka.
* Puasa 8 hari pada bulan Rejab, dibuka baginya lapan pintu syurga.
* Puasa 9 hari pada bulan Rejab keluar dari kuburnya lalu, MENGUCAP DUA KALIMAH SHAHADAH tidak ditolak dia masuk syurga.
* Puasa 10 hari pada bulan Rejab Allah jadikan baginya hamparan perhentian di Titi Sirotolmustaqim pada tiap-tiap satu batu di hari kiamat.
* Puasa 16 belas hari pada bulan Rejab akan dapat melihat wajah Allah di dalam syurga dan orang yang pertama menziarahi Allah di dalam syurga.
* Puasa 19 belas hari pada bulan Rejab, dibina baginya sebuah mahligai di hadapan mahligai Nabi Allah Ibrahim a.s dan Nabi Allah Adam a.s.
* Puasa 20 hari pada bulan Rejab, diampunkan segala dosanya yang telah lalu. Maka mulailah beramal barang yang tinggi daripada umurnya (pembaharuan umur).

Berkata Saidina Ali:

* Puasa Rejab 13 hari seperti puasa tiga ribu tahun.
* Puasa Rejab 14 hari seperti puasa sepuluh ribu tahun.
* Puasa Rejab 15 hari seperti puasa seratus ribu tahun.

Kelebihan bulan Rejab dari segala bulan seperti kelebihan Qur'an atas segala Qalam.

Puasa sehari pada bulan Rejab seperti puasa empat puluh tahun dan diberi minum air dari Syurga.
Puasa 10 hari pada bulan Rejab dijadikan dua sayap, terbang seperti kilat di atas Titi Sirotalmustaqim di hari kiamat.

Puasa sehari pada bulan Rejab seperti mengerjakan ibadat seumurnya.

Puasa pada awal Rejab, pertengahannya dan akhirnya seperti puasa sebulan pahalanya.

Bulan Rejab Syahrullah (Bulan Allah), diampunkan dosa orang-orang yang meminta ampun dan bertaubat kepada Allah. Puasa Bulan Rejab wajib baginya:

* Diampunkan dosanya yang lalu.
* Dipeliharakan Allah umurnya yang tinggal.
* Terlepas dari dahaga di hari kiamat.

Orang yang lemah dari berpuasa pada bulan Rejab hendaklah bersedekah tiap-tiap hari sekurang-kurangnya sebiji roti. Sasiapa bersedekah pada bulan Rejab seperti sedekah seribu dinar, dituliskan kepadanya tiap sehelai bulu roma jasadnya seribu kebajikan, diangkat seribu darjat, dihapus seribu kejahatan.

Tiap sehari puasanya pada bulan Rejab dan sedekahnya pada bulan Rejab seperti ibadat seribu Haji dan Umrah. Dibina mahligai seribu bilik dan seribu bidadari, lebih cantik daripada atahari seribu kali.

Bulan Rejab bulan Allah. Bersedekah pada bulan Rejab dijauhkan Allah daripada api neraka kerana kemuliaan bulan Rejab, Bulan Allah. Allah jadikan di belakang bukit Jabal Qar bumi, yang putih yang penuh dengan Malaikat dengan panji-panji berhimpun pada tiap malam Rejab meminta ampun oleh mereka kepada Umat Muhammad.

Allah menjawap: Telah aku ampunkan mereka! Barangsiapa meminta ampun (bersitighfar) kepada Allah pagi dan petang 70 kali atau 100 kali, pada bulan Rejab di haramkan tubuhnya daripada api neraka.

Sesiapa berpuasa sebulan pada bulan Rejab, Allah berseru kepadanya:
"Telah wajib hakmu atasKu, maka mintalah olehmu kepadaKu. Demi ketinggian Ku dankebesaranKu, tidak Aku tolakkan hajatmu. Engkau adalah jiranKu dibawah `arasyKu, engkau kekasihKu daripada segala makhlukKu, engkau terlebih mulia atasKu. Sukakanlah kamu, tiada dinding antaraKu dan antarakau".(dari kitabRaudatul Ifkar)

Puasa pada 27 bulan Rejab seperti berpuasa enam puluh bulan pahalanya. Jika disertai dengan sedekah seperti puasa seribu tahun, kerana kebesaran hari ISRAK-MIKRAJ.

Siapa melapangkan kekeruhan, kesusahan, kesempitan orang mukmin pada bulan Rejab dikurniakan Allah kepadanya Mahligai yang besar di dalam syurga Firdaus.

Siapa berpuasa tiga hari pada bulan Rejab dan beribadat pada malamnya(berjaga), seperti dia berpuasa tiga ribu tahun.

Diampunkan baginya 70 dosa-dosa besar tiap-tiap hari, ditunaikan 70 hajat ketika keluar nyawanya daripada jasadnya, 70 hajatnya di dalam kuburnya, 70 hajat ketika terbang suhuf (ketika Qur'an dinaik ketika berlalu di Titi Sirotalmustaqim.

Rejab ertinya ta'zim (kebesaran, keagungan, kemuliaan). (Rahmat, pemurah, kebajikan). Kerana kebesaran, keagungan dan kemuliaan bulan Rejab itu maka Allah limpahkan rahmatNya, kemurahanNya dan terhadap hamba-hambaNya yang beriman dan beramal solih pada bulan Rejab, dengan berpuasa pada siangnya dan beribadat pada malamnya.

Demikianlah peri keistimewaannya keagungan bulan Rejab itu yang dinamakan dengan BULAN ALLAH.

REJAB bulan menabur benih.
SYA'ABAN bulan menyiram tanaman.
RAMADHAN bulan menuai.

REJAB menyucikan badannya.
SYA'ABAN menyucikan hatinya.
RAMADHAN menyucikan rohnya.

REJAB bulan taubat.
SYA'ABAN bulan muhibbah.
RAMADHAN dilimpahi pahala amalan.

Tuesday, June 10, 2008


3O years ago.......

...a baby girl was born to a proud parents
...the couple's first daughter and second child to them
...they rise her together with the help of grandma
...all the hard work and effort
...all educations given
...all the lesson been thought
...all the love and care showered

and now...

...she is married
...she is also a mother of two
...she is always remember all the lesson of life
...she is always been grateful with the love surrounding
..she will make sure her family will be given the same love
as she had before
...and that is my promise to my family


Thursday, May 1, 2008


Officially i've move back to my hometown ....KULIM.i'll start to work in the same teaching institute but this time no longer in the main campus but in the branch - penang.21/5/2008 is the report duty day. after discussion with husband, these are the items decided:

1. i'll bring back the kids withs me and stay with my parents temporary while waiting for our house to be completed renovated

2. the kids shall be send to nursery

3. i need to travel back and forth from Kulim to Penang daily (except for Sunday)

4. husband shall only join us back after completed his project (around middle June / early July)

therefore.......so long goodbye KL, welcome back to hometown Kulim.

p/s : sure gonna miss all the fun in KL especially the shoppings

Saturday, April 5, 2008

Zoo Negara ..Here we come!!! part 1

After all this while,we plan to bring the kids to see the real animals in zoo.tried but too many obstacles.finally we manage to bring them. together with my sister,we went on saturday morning.nice weather.hopefully it does not rain.

Erisya get excited.Eirfan still wondering where are we going.once arrived at the zoo.the memory flash back.after 21 years for me and 18 years for my husband,this is the second time we are setting our foot at this place....lamanya tak gi zoo!!!

the entrance is still the same.well, i guess nothing much of the changes.

The first animal we saw- presenting the Giraffe

Then...we have the elephants. and this is the baby.Erisya seem to be bit scared but we force her to stand with that elephant (hahahaha!)
I've forgotten the name of this birds but all i know it is call burung undan.

Eirfan is chasing the birds to protect her sister.(wah!beraninya)

tapi last sekali dia yang lari tinggal kakak

Thursday, April 3, 2008


spot at my office previously....this guy must be really hungry...wondering around for food.
Sorry la...it's semester break.no food available.

Tuesday, April 1, 2008

April Fool?!

You Know What They Say About Fools...

  • It's better to keep your mouth shut and be thought a fool than to open it and leave no doubt. --Mark Twain
  • However big the fool, there is always a bigger fool to admire him. -- Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux
  • [Politicians] never open their mouths without subtracting from the sum of human knowledge. -- Thomas Reed
  • He who lives without folly isn't so wise as he thinks. -- François, Duc de La Rochefoucauld
  • The ultimate result of shielding men from the effects of folly, is to fill the world with fools. -- Herbert Spencer
  • Sometimes one likes foolish people for their folly, better than wise people for their wisdom. -- Elizabeth Gaskell
  • Looking foolish does the spirit good. - John Uplike
  • Let us be thankful for the fools. But for them the rest of us could not succeed. -- Mark Twain
  • A fool sees not the same tree that a wise man sees. -- William Blake
  • A fool must now and then be right by chance. -- Cowper
  • It is better to be a fool than to be dead. -- Stevenson
  • The first of April is the day we remember what we are the other 364 days of the year. -- Mark Twain

This is an article i've read from http://www.ahya.org/

1st April - a day when people lie, play jokes and mock in the name of entertainment. This ugly practice of lying, which is considered to be merely a humor, is known to have caused great harm to many. Even trauma and deaths. Still this dishonest tradition is not only practiced among the common masses, but also newspapers and magazines participate in it by publishing false news and untrue stories on the first day of April!

Much is said about the origin of this practice, however what concerns the most to the Muslims is that it is a tradition which directly contradicts the teachings and morals of Islam.

Lying is a characteristic of hypocrisy and Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) strictly forbade lying at all times. He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Let he who truly believes in Allah and the Last Day speak good or be silent.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee] Moreover, he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) has specifically cursed the person who lies to make people laugh, he said: “Woe be on one who speaks and lies in order to make people laugh, woe be on him.” [Abu Dawood]

The above Ahaadeeth show the gravity of participating in the false tradition of April Fool, which the Western tradition appreciates and encourages claiming that it brings joy and amusement, whereas the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) forbade lying and deceiving even if the intention of the person is to amuse people.

Abd al-Rahman Ibn Abi Laylaa said: “The companions of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) told us that they were traveling with the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam). A man among them fell asleep and some of them went and took his arrows. When the man woke up, he got alarmed (because his arrows were missing) and the people laughed. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “What are you laughing at?” They said, “Nothing, except that we took the arrows and he got alarmed.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “It is not permissible for a Muslim to frighten another Muslim.” [Abu Dawood (5004) and Musnad Ahmad. Authenticated by Shaikh al-Albanee in Saheeh al-Jamee (7658)]

He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) described the severe punishments for the liars and said: “I saw (in a dream), two men came to me. They said, 'The person, the one whose cheek you saw being torn away (from the mouth to the ear) was a liar and used to tell lies and the people would report those lies on his authority till they spread all over the world. So he will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection.'” [Saheeh al-Bukharee (vol. 8, no: 118)]

May Allah protect us from indulging ourselves in such dishonest activities and may He give us the strength to withstand such practices when they tend to infect our Muslim Society. Ameen!


Thursday, March 27, 2008

My old shell......

Below is the view of my office....since Oct 2005 i was in this room.environment is nice, roommate is great.i'm gonna miss this old shell of mine soon....

p/s: please view it minus the papers and students assignments papers!

The library books i used to refer

My Rack of Knowledge

My subject's file

My stuff !!

My Gateway!!!

Monday, March 24, 2008

New image?!

What can i tear off tonite?Kak Sya's book sound good....

Yeah! Yeah!i can bite this remote!


Sunday, March 23, 2008

Visit to KBMC

Today Eirfan gonna get his 12-months jab.He's already 13-months and gonna be 14 soon.he keep on having the fever & flu every weekend as if he knows that we gonna took him to KBMC for the injection.And for the last week, i keep on praying for him to he out of this fever flu. Finally, bring him.

Ronda2 dulu @ KBMC

Erisya keep on saying to her brother "Eirfan nnt kakak bawa gi hospital.Jumpa doktor.Pastu doktor cucuk".

After the injection.Luckily,he just cry for a while.

Conversation with the paed:

Doc: according to the graph,he's seem to be under a bit for weight.Just 7.75kg.what he's been feed?

Mummy:nasi with soup/chicken


Mummy:no.nasi.he refuse to take that porridge.

Doc:oo...a lots not?

Mummy: quite a big eater.

Doc:then,he is the small types person.

Mummy: hehehe....small size but active.

Doc:then,nothing to worry about.he's fine and active.

Thursday, March 20, 2008

Maulidur Rasul : Pengertian dan penghayatan

Petikan daripada http://www.al-azim.com/

mat Islam di Malaysia akan menyambut hari sempena keputraan Rasulullah saw pada 12 Rabiulawal setiap tahun.Umat Islam di Malaysia akan mengadakan berbagai aktiviti dalam acara sambutan Maulidur Rasul. Kerajaan Malaysia mengisyhtiharkan 12 Rabiulawal setiap tahun adalah cuti umum. Diantara acara-acara dalam sambutan Maulidur Rasul ialah Perarakan, Syarahan, Forum, Marhaban dan Jamuan di peringkat kampung sehinggalah ke peringkat kebangsaan.

Dalam menentukan tarikh kelahiran Rasulullah saw, ahli-ahli sejarah Islam berbeza pendapat. Pendapat pertama dan masyhur ialah Rasulullah saw lahir pada malam Isnin 12 Rabiulawal dalam Tahun Gajah sebelum subuh. Ini adalah pendapat Ibnu Ishaq yang dipetik oleh Ibnu Hisham dalam kitabnya yang terkenal, Sirah Ibnu Hisham. Dan pendapat yang kedua ialah pendapat yang mengatakan bahawa Rasulullah saw memang lahir pada malam Isnin, sebelum subuh Rabiulawal tahun Gajah tapi tarikh sebenarnya ialah pada 9 haribulan.

Diantara tokoh ulamak-ulamak yang sependapat mengatakan Rasulullah saw lahir pada 9 Rabiulawal ialah Yunus bin Yazid, Ibnu Hazam, Muhammad bin Musa Al-Khawarizmi dan Ibnu Taimiyyah. Dan diantara tokoh-tokoh falak moden yang membuat kajian semula tentang perbezaan pendapat ini ialah Mahmud Pasya seorang ahli falak Mesir dan Dr.(H) Hj. Kassim Bahali, Persatuan Falak Syarie Malaysia. Mereka menyatakan bahawa Rasulullah saw lahir pada 9 Rabiulawal. Ini adalah berdasarkan kepada Taqwim Qamariah tulen tanpa Nasi' dan dikebelakangkan 53 tahun dari tahun pertama Hijrah.

Didapati bulan kelahiran Rasulullah saw iaitu bulan Rabiulawal jatuh pada bulan April 571 M. Berdasarkan hitungan, Ijtimak berlaku pada 10 April 571M pada 8;21 UT. Menurut kaedah kebolehnampakan hilal, 1 Rabiulawal jatuh pada hari Ahad, 12 April 571M dan hari Isnin yang bertepatan adalah 9 Rabiulawal manakala 12 Rabiulawal jatuh pada hari Rabu.

Rasulullah s.a.w. telah dilahirkan di sini.

Dalil seterusnya yang mengatakan bahawa Rasulullah lahir pada 9 Rabiulawal ialah pada Isnin 9 Rabiulawal (20 April), fasa bulan adalah 64.4% dan bulan ghurub pada pukul 2:26 pagi. Apabila bulan ghurub awal maka langit ketika itu kelihatan cerah dengan bintang-bintang yang dapat dilihat lebih banyak kerana tiada gangguan cahaya bulan. Ini bertepatan dengan kisah kelahiran sewaktu dilahirkan Rasulullah saw bahawa sebelum subuh, langit adalah kelihatan sangat cerah dengan cahaya bintang-bintang yang bertaburan. Walau bagaimanapun, itu adalah pendapat individu tertentu dengan pengkajian mereka.

Moga ada pihak lain yang dapat membuat kajian lebih lanjut dalam menetapkan tarikh kelahiran Rasulullah saw. Kajian-kajian lanjut itu sebenarnya akan lebih memajukan lagi perkembangan ilmu Sejarah dan Falak. Malah tarikh-tarikh peristiwa penting Islam yang lain juga wajar dibuat hitungan semula. Kita umat Islam di alaf baru sekarang telah banyak melahirkan ahli-ahli Sejarah Moden, Falak / Astronomi dan ahli-ahli Sains yang lain yang pastinya akan mengembang dan menyumbang kepada penguasaan ilmu pengetahuan kepada pembangunan ummah, InsyaAllah.

Objektif diadakan sambutan Maulidur Rasul ialah untuk mengembalikan ingatan kita umat akhir zaman terhadap junjungan besar kita Muhammad Rasulullah saw. Dengan mengingatinya akan menambahkan lagi perasaan cinta kasih kepadanya serta mengenang, menghargai serta mengambil iktibar kisah suka duka perjuangannya. Walaupun sambutan Maulidur Rasul ini adalah satu adat sahaja tapi ia adalah adat yang bersifat ibadah dan wajar diteruskan, InsyaAllah.

Sunday, March 16, 2008

Muffin here...muffin there...

Erisya keep on ask me to bake cake for her...as if her mummy is a great chef le konon.I never bake cake in the entire life except when i'm in Form 1 doing this Kemahiran Hidup subject.But for that,i'm not the one who bake it.It's my friends.I just monitor and become the boss(cewah).At that time,i'm not that keen on cooking.I'm more towards pertukangan and doing the electronic circuit board.

Since i don't have the heart to let her down,i bought this Nona Blueberry Muffin Premix (Insant flour mix le...),some colourful chocolate rice, chocolate chips and blueberry filling.The instruction quite easy to follow.All you need to do is add in 3 eggs,100g of water and 120gm of vegetable oil (I use Minyak Mazola).


1.Preheat oven 200'C
2.Start to beat the flour mix,add egg,water,vegetable oil until everything become smooth and fluffy
3.grease the cupcake container.
4.pour in the batter.decorate it with chocolate rice / chocolate chips / put the blueberry filling on top @ inside the batter
5.bake for 15 minutes.

This are the outcome:

Once done,my suprise Erisya ate almost 10 cuppies of the muffins, Eiran ate 2cuppies and husband ate around 6cupies.I really proud of myself of making my family happy.One box of flour mixture = 35 cupcakes(depends on how you fill in).She even bring 12cupcakes to her babysitter's house.Next time i should try to do the cupcakes with buttercream topping.

Kluang Station@Carefour Ampang

Since it was Sunday and everyone wakes up late around 9am....me and husband decided to bring the kids to have a breakfast outside. But the major problem is we doesn't know other place to get breakfast other than Restoran Lazeez.Suddenly i remember that Kluang Station just open another branch in Carefour.Rather then going to the one in Tesco Ampang,here we are.....

The menu :

nasi goreng with mini chicken wing
nasi lemak

toast bread set
hot milo
sirap with biji selasih (i haven't drink this selasih quite long time already!)

The foods is quite ok.But as for the toast i guess the credit go to Kluang Station@Tesco Ampang.i don't know why the taste of the 'kaya' over there is better than in Carefour.(Isn't suppose to be the same standard? i wonder why....)

Friday, February 29, 2008

Leap Day February 29th

Leap Day – February 29

Leap day (February 29) is an intercalary day inserted in a leap year. Leap day has been associated with age-old traditions, superstitions and folklore. It is also recognized as a day of observances and celebrated as a birthday for those born on February 29.

Leap Day

Leap day, also known as leap year day, is an extra day added to the month of February in a leap year. February 29 is the 60th day of a leap year in the Gregorian calendar. It occurs every four years in years evenly divisible by four except for centenary years not divisible by 400.
A leap day is more likely to occur on Mondays or Wednesdays rather than other days because the Gregorian calendar repeats itself every 400 years. Therefore February 29 can occur 15 times on a Monday or Wednesday, 14 times on a Friday or Saturday and 13 times on a Sunday, Tuesday or Thursday.

Tradition, Folklore and Superstition

A tradition was introduced many centuries ago to allow women to propose to men during a leap year. This privilege of proposing was restricted to leap day in some areas. Leap day was sometimes known as “Bachelors’ Day”. A man was expected to pay a penalty, such as a gown or money, if he refused a marriage offer from a woman.
The tradition’s origin stemmed from an old Irish tale referring to St Bridget striking a deal with St Patrick to allow women to propose to men every four years. This old custom was probably made to balance the traditional roles of men and women in a similar way to how the leap day balances the calendar.
It was also considered to be unlucky for someone to be born on a leap day in Scotland and for couples to marry on a leap year, including on a leap day, in Greece.

Observances on February 29

Leap day is also St Oswald’s Day, named after a 10th century archbishop of York who died on February 29, 992. The feast is celebrated on February 29 during leap years and on February 28 in other years.
February 29 is one of the days of Ayyám-i-Há (February 26 to March 1) in the Bahá'í calendar. These days are dedicated to fasting preparations, charity, hospitality and gift-giving.

Leap Day Birthdays

Some people born on February 29 prefer to celebrate their birthday on February 28 in a non-leap year because they were born in February, while others celebrate their birthday on March 1 because they do not officially turn next age on February 28. There are also those who only celebrate their birthday every leap year because they believe there is no substitute to a February 29 birthday.

Happy birthday to those who celebrate their birthday today!!

Tuesday, February 26, 2008


I don't know why Erisya is so fond of going to Tesco.Last time she really like it coz she wanted to ride in the mechanical toys where you put the token in. But after an incident happen,that thing suddenly move without she are ready to ride,till now she refuse to ride it again. But she keep on pointing at Tesco Ampang when ever we pass by to go back to our house.

The new Tesco Model in Trolley

Vroom...Vromm...Pin...Pin....make a way for Erisya

Saturday, February 23, 2008

Baby Day out @ Ikea / Ikano Power Centre

Today, my husband granted me a permission to take out the kids.Our house owner had decide to replace the kitchen cabinet.so few construction job took over the house and it's really dusty.better to take the kids out but my husband stay at home to monitor the job.

since my sister came to our house and she wanted to buy a wedding gift for her friend,then we decided to go to Ikea.the last time i was there is in 2004. This day out is a record coz we when out from 10.30am till 10.30pm.

i decide to bring along the stroller which was bought in year 2005 and only use once. my planning is to put Eirfan but he refuse to sit.Erisya keep on saying"nak duduk...letih le jalan".

Having lunch at Fasta Pasta @ Ikano. The food is not bad. For the kids, i ordered vegetable soup and garlic bread. my sister choose fettucinni with sos.

This is my brief idea for my new kitchen cabinet for my new house @ Kulim Hi Tech. I did took some of the brochure but at the end forget to take it out from the Ikea Bag.Luckily i still keep the 2008 ikea catalogue.

Eirfan enjoying himself at Kluang Station

Friday, February 22, 2008

New hairband...

This is the latest hairband i bought for Erisya.She keep on complaining that "mata tercucuk dgn rambut".

Saturday, February 16, 2008


What is hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD)

  • Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common illness of infants and children, though adults can contract it too. It most often occurs in children under 10 years old.
  • It is distinctly different from foot and mouth disease, which affects cattle, sheep and swine.

What causes HFMD?

  • The most common causes of HFMD are coxsackie virus A16, enterovirus 71(EV71) and other enteroviruses. The enterovirus group includes polioviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses and other enteroviruses.
Is HFMD serious?
  • HFMD caused by coxsackie virus A16 infection is a mild and nearly all patients recover within 7 to 10 days. Complications are uncommon.
  • However HFMD caused by EV71 may be associated with neurological complications such as aseptic meningitis, encephalitis and poliomyelitis-like paralysis; and might lead to death.
How does the disease spread?
  • It is most common in clusters of children who are in daycare together. It can spread through direct contact with nose discharge, saliva, feces and fluid from the blisters.
  • It can also spread through food and water which have been contaminated withfecal droplets or liquid from the mouth or nose of infected persons.
Is HFMD contagious?
  • Yes, HFMD is moderately contagious. A person is most contagious during the first week of the illness. The virus may continue to be excreted in the stools of infected persons up till one month. HFMD is not transmitted to or from pets or other animals.
When and where does EV71 detected before?
  • HFMD is endemic in Malaysia and occurs all year round. Major outbreaks of HFMD attributable to enterovirus EV71 have been reported in Malaysia in 1997,Taiwan in 1998 and Singapore in 2000.
How soon will someone become ill after getting infected?
  • The usual period from infection to onset of symptoms (incubation period) is 3 to 7 days. Fever is often the first symptom of HFMD.
What are the clinical signs and symptoms?
  • HFMD is characterised by fever, sores/ulcers in the mouth, and a rash with blisters.
  • HFMD begins with a mild fever, poor appetite, malaise ("feeling sick"), and frequently a sore throat. One or 2 days after the fever begins, painful sores develop in the mouth. They begin as small red spots that blister and then often become ulcers. They are usually located on the tongue, gums, and inside of the cheeks.
  • The skin rash develops over 1 to 2 days with flat or raised red spots, some with blisters on the palms of the hand and the soles of the feet.
  • A person with HFMD may have only the rash on buttocks and on the legs and arms or the mouth ulcers at cheeks, gums or near the throat.
How is hand, foot and mouth disease diagnosed?
  • Hand, foot and mouth disease is usually diagnosed based on a complete history and physical examination of your child.
  • It is generally suspected on the age of the patient, the pattern of symptoms and appearance of blister-like rash on hands, feet and mouth in children.
  • A throat and/or blister swab collected preferably within 2 days of onset of HFMD may be sent to a laboratory to determine which enterovirus caused the illness.
How is HFMD treated?
  • Presently, there is no specific effective antiviral drugs and vaccine available for the treatment of HFMD.
  • Symptomatic treatment is given to provide relief from fever, aches, or pain from the mouth ulcers.
  • Dehydration is a concern because the mouth sores may make it difficult and painful for children to eat and drink. Taking enough liquids is very important apart from body temperature monitoring.
Who is at risk for HFMD?
  • Everyone is at risk of HFMD infection, but not everyone who is infected becomes ill.
  • HFMD occurs mainly in children under 10 years old, but may also occur in adults too. It is because they are less likely to have antibodies and be immune from previous exposures to them. Infection results in immunity to the specific virus, but a second episode may occur following infection with a different virus belonging to the enterovirus group.
What are the risks to pregnant women exposed to children with HFMD?
  • As enteroviruses are very common, pregnant women are frequently exposed to the virus as well. As for any other adults, the risk of infection is higher for pregnant women who do not have antibodies from earlier exposures to these viruses, and who are exposed to young children - the primary spreaders of enteroviruses.
  • Most enterovirus infections during pregnancy cause mild or no illness in the mother.
  • Currently there is no clear evidence that maternal enteroviral infection causes adverse outcomes of pregnancy such as abortion, stillbirth, or congenital defects.
  • However, mothers infected shortly before delivery may pass the virus to the newborn. Babies born to mothers who have symptoms of enteroviral illness around the time of delivery are more likely to be infected.
  • Strict adherence to generally recommended good hygienic practices by the pregnant woman might help to decrease the risk of infection during pregnancy and around the time of delivery.
HMFD in childcare facilities
  • HFMD outbreaks occurring in childcare facilities usually coincide with an increased number of cases in the community.
  • If there is an evidence of transmission in any A childcare facility will be closed if there is 2 or more cases of HFMD detected within a period of 7 days.
  • The closure is to stop the transmission of virus, for disinfection of the premise using diluted solution of chlorine-containing bleach and to enhance health education.
How to prevent HFMD?
  • Maintain good ventilation.
  • Wash hands before meals, and after going to toilet or handling stool soiled materials.
  • Keep hands clean and wash hand properly.
  • Wash hands when they are dirtied by respiratory secretion e.g. after sneezing.
  • Cover nose and mouth while sneezing and coughing; and dispose of mouth and nasal discharge properly.
  • Clean children’s toys and other objects thoroughly and frequently.
  • Children who are ill should be kept out of school until their fever and rash have subsided and all the vesicles have dried and crusted.
  • Avoid going to overcrowded places.

Eirfan Sick....uhuk...uhuk...uhuk...

After coming back from CNY holiday, Eirfan down with fever.Quite high but keep on up and down.38.5C to 39.6C.Me and my husband keep on sponge him to keep down the thermometer reading.When he got the fever, he was so less energetic. Just wanted to sleep and cling to mummy. I need to carried him all the times as he refuse to let me off.

Then came out this blister.We when to the panel and the doctor diagnose him with Chicken Pox. We put him on long pant all the time as he always scratching. After a week of medication, he seem ok but then down again with high fever.This time we decide to see Specialist in Kampung Baru Medical Centre (KBMC). Really shocking when the doctor told us that it is not Chicken Pox but HFMD.Luckily it's nearly finish already and not the dangerous types as occur in Sabah and Sarawak. I really piss off when hear about this misdiagnose things. I really don't know from where this HFMD came from since my kids are NOT attending any day care centre or kindergarten so does the baby sitter kids.He got the fever just after we return from hometown.So...from where this HFMD came????

I'm really thankful coz all this things happen during my semester break and it is not the serious type of HFMD.